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Resources - Physical Diversity, and Similarities!

Are the differences we see in our outer form representative of our inner being? When an emergency responder coming to help you looks different than you will you refuse necessary help? In most cases, why can a "different person" help us in distress but we don't really engage in everyday life? Below you will see some interesting facts about our physical being, our skin type and even our blood. Things that look different may in fact, not be so different after all!

Our Blood
Gay, Lesbian and Transgender
US Navy Diversity Classifications

You and I buy, sell and interact with the world marketplace where heritage, culture and diversity intersect. In the adjacent visualization, Canadian anthropologist Felix Pharand combined NGIA and NOAA data to show how shipping lanes funnel into major ports where our goods come in, or go out, along the U.S. coast.

On a person-by-person scale, it was once believed that there was 6 degrees of separation between one person and any one else on the globe but in November 2011 the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, showed that we are now only 4.74 degrees apart.


If a race is a societal fabrication what about the blood that gives us life, that precious fluid that runs through ALL of our veins?

This life giving, life-sustaining component that every human carries within their being is common across all humankind with some unique variations characterized by blood type. A blood type (also called a blood group) is a classification of blood based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells as shown in the following figure.

There are four main blood types as illustrated above although the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) now recognizes a total of 30 human blood group systems.

Prior to the discovery of DNA as the hereditary material, scientists used blood proteins to study human genetic variation. Research by Ludwik and Hanka Herschfeld during World War I found that the frequencies of blood groups A and B differed greatly from region to region. For example, among Europeans, 15% were group B, 40% were group A. Eastern Europeans, and Russians had higher frequencies of group B, with people from India having the highest proportion. The Herschfeld's concluded that humans were made of two different "biochemical races," each with its own origin. It was hypothesized that these two pure races later became mixed, resulting in the complex pattern of groups A and B. This was one of the first theories of racial differences to include the idea that visible human variation did not necessarily correlate with invisible genetic variation.

More recent country specific blood typing distributions are given in the table below:

A few factoids about blood to consider courtesy of are:

  • There is no substitute for human Blood.
  • Blood makes up about 7% of your body's weight.
  • An average adult has about 14 to 18 pints of Blood.
  • One drop of Blood can contain from 7,000 to 25,000 white Blood cells. If an invading infection fights back and persists, that number will significantly increase.
  • There are about one billion red Blood cells in a few drops of whole Blood.
  • Red Blood cells live about 120 days in our bodies.
  • Red Blood cells can be stored under normal conditions for up to 42 days.
  • Frozen red Blood cells can be stored for ten years, and more.
  • Type AB plasma has been considered as the universal Blood plasma type, and therefore AB plasma is given to patients with any Blood type.
  • Frozen Plasma can be stored for up to one year.
  • Human Blood; red Blood cells, white Blood cells, plasma and platelets are made naturally by the body in the bone marrow.
  • In the United States, approximately 16 million+ units of Blood are said to be collected annually. As of November 2000, the American Red Cross (ARC) managed about 45% of the U. S. Blood supply, The American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) managed about 45%, and others such as United Blood Services, manage the remaining 10%.
  • Approximately 40,000 units of Blood are used each day in the United States; every few seconds someone needs Blood.
  • Blood centers often run short of type O and B Blood.
  • Shortages of all types of Blood often occur during the summer and winter holidays.
  • Only 5% of healthy Americans donate Blood.
  • Multiple donations account for over 80% of Blood used for transfusions.
  • One to two percent of Blood donors are African-American.
  • Whole Blood can be donated as often as every 56 days, plasma, no more frequently than every 48 hours, and platelets, a maximum of 24 times a year.
  • Cancer, transplant and trauma patients and people undergoing open-heart surgery require Platelet transfusions to survive.
  • Premature infants, children being treated for cancer, and children having heart surgery need Blood and platelets from donors of all types.
  • People older than 65 use 43% of all donated Blood. The demand for Blood and Blood products will increase as the population ages.
  • 25% of all Blood products are used to treat cancer patients.
  • One out of every ten people entering a hospital requires Blood.
  • Severe burn victims can need the platelets from about 20 Blood unit donations during their treatment.
  • The average liver transplant patient needs 40 units of red Blood cells, 30 units of platelets, 20 bags of cryoprecipitate, and 25 units of fresh frozen plasma.
  • Using modern techniques, one heart surgery uses - on average - the red Blood cells and platelets provided from six Blood unit donations.
  • People who have been in car accidents and suffered massive Blood loss can need transfusions of 50 units or more of red Blood cells.
  • An organ transplant can use 40 units of Blood; 30 units of platelets; 20 bags of cryoprecipitate; and 25 units of fresh frozen plasma.
  • The average bone marrow transplant requires the platelets from about 120 donations, and the red Blood cells from about 20 Blood unit donations.

17% of the global population in developed countries benefits from approximately 60% of the 75 million units of Blood donated each year in the world.

In time of need, when our lives are in peril we are very quick to dismiss our old fears and racial prejudices. The table below indicates how different blood types can support different people regardless of shape, size, color, and culture.



500 Years of Women through Art. Have we changed that much? Could any of these ladies be in your ancestry? Could they be of "blue blood" or were they "common folk?" What faith did they have, what political affiliation did they have, what culture did they practice? Who painted them? Who do I thank?

Gay, Lesbian and Transgender

What is sexual orientation?
Find out what the American Psychological Association has to say about Sexual Orientation, Homosexuality and Bisexuality.


Who are they? Where do they come from? Could we become one of them? What have they seen and experienced from life?

I have been homeless. Would you have hired me when I was living in a home made camper taking showers at the local gas stations? You never know what opportunities lie beneath.

Seven Gripping Photos of Homeless Los Angelenos That Will Change The Way You Look At A Stranger


My daughter, Sasha Crystal Ruiz (adjacent picture), died at the age of 18 in a car accident. She was an organ donor. If the situation had been reversed, I would have gone to the "end-of-the-earth" to find any means of keeping my daughter alive without care of race, creed, faith or anything else. Would you have been willing to take one of her organs (read my story here)?

Some time after her death, I received a letter thanking us for giving the gift of sight; it is bitter-sweet. From 1988 to 2008, the United Network for Organ Sharing recorded a total of 449,852 transplants. The number and percent of people who needed these transplants by ethnicity, gender and age are given by United Network for Organ Sharing in the following table:

You can see an almost up-to-the-minute count of those in need of a transplant right now by visiting

Diversity in the Military Example

The following was extracted from a Navy presentation:

Workforce Diversity
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Physical Ability
  • Age
  • Geographic Background
  • etc.
Behavioral Diversity
  • Work Styles
  • Thinking Styles
  • Learning Styles
  • Communication Styles
  • Beliefs
  • Values
  • Attitudes
Structural Diversity
  • Cross-functional teams
  • Joint / Coalition forces
  • Alliances
  • Hierarchy
  • Teamwork
Business & Global Diversity
  • Supplier Diversity
  • Community Relations
  • Innovation
  • Labor Market Realities

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The eyes believe themselves; the ears other people.
German Proverb

We judge ourselves by our motives and others by their actions.
Dwight Morrow, American businessman, ambassador and senator

If you look for the bad in people expecting to find it, you surely will.
Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President

Though all society is founded on intolerance, all improvement is founded on tolerance.
George Bernard Shaw, Irish Playwright

In the end, all business operations can be reduced to three words; people, product and profits. People come first.
Lee Iaccoca, American businessman

The biggest disease today is not leprosy or tuberculosis, but rather the feeling of being unwanted.
Mother Teresa, Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic Missionary

Everyone believes very easily whatever he fears or desires.
Jean de la Fontaine, French poet

The trouble with the world is not that people know too little, but that they know so many things that ain't so.
Mark Twain, American author and humorist

If everyone is thinking alike, someone isn't thinking.
General George Patton Jr, World War II US Army Commander

I have never in my life learned anything from any man who agreed with me.
Dudley Field Malone, American statesman and lawyer

Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.
Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy, Russian writer and pacifist

I can live for two months on a good compliment.
Mark Twain, Samuel Langhorne Clemens, American author and humorist

Am I not destroying my enemies when I make friends of them?
Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President

No one has been barred on account of his race from fighting or dying for America - there are no "white" or "colored" signs on the foxholes or graveyards of battle.
John F. Kennedy, 35th US President

I pay the schoolmaster, but 'tis the schoolboys that educate my son.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American philospher

Vision is the art of seeing things invisible.
Jonathan Swift, Anglo-Irish satirist and essayist

In every man there is something wherein I may learn of him, and in that I am his pupil.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American philosopher

When you talk, you repeat what you already know; when you listen you often learn something.
Jaren Sparks

The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold onto two opposed ideas at the same time, and still retain the ability to function.
F. Scott Fitzgerald, American writer

Progress is impossible without change; and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.
George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright

Honest differences are often a healthy sign of progress.
Mahatma Gandhi, Indian pacifist and leader

I am more of a sponge than an inventor. I absorb ideas from every source. My principal business is giving commercial value to brilliant but misdirected ideas of others.
Thomas Edison, American inventor and businessman

If we always view it from the same perspective, we will tend to notice the same things.
Frans Johansson, Author and businessman

Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought.
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Hungarian physiologist

One can resist the invasion of armies; one cannot resist the invasion of ideas.
Victor Hugo, French playwright and activist

Every new opinion, at its starting, is precisely in a minority of one.
Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and historian

No man is good enough to govern another man without that other's consent.
Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President

You do not lead by hitting people over the head - that's assault, not leadership.
Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President

The greatest good you can do for another is not just to share your riches but to reveal to him his own.
Benjamin Disraeli, British statesman

The voice of the intellect is a soft one, but it does not rest until it has gained a hearing.
Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist

The rich would have to eat money, but luckily the poor provide food.
Russian Proverb

Trust men and they will be true to you; treat them greatly and they will show themselves great.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American philosopher

One machine can do the work of fifty ordinary men. No machine can do the work of one extraordinary man.
Elbert Hubbard, American writer and philosopher

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